Making the most of the pension
Since the GFC, volatile markets and poor investment returns have left many people worried about their income in retirement. But with the right strategies you can maximise your entitlement to social security and receive generous tax concessions – helping to supplement your pension income and make your savings last longer.
To fund a comfortable retirement, the Australian Super Funds Association (ASFA) says a couple will need $55,213 a year. Even a modest retirement is estimated to cost $31,760 annually1. When you consider many Australians will live for 20 years or more after retiring, that’s a significant amount to save.
Fortunately, if you’re approaching retirement age or even if you are already at retirement age, there are a number of ways you can make the most of social security entitlements. Here are five tips to help you maximise your retirement savings, so you can get on with enjoying your retirement.
Maximise pension payments
If you apply for a government pension from Centrelink or the Department of Veterans’ Affairs (DVA) you will be assessed under the income and asset tests.
If you’re under the threshold (which is adjusted each year), you’ll be eligible to receive a government pension. The amount you receive depends on the results of your tests – with the results that give you the lower benefit used to calculate your pension.
However, if you’re under the pension age2, Centrelink and the DVA don’t include your superannuation in these income and asset tests, provided it is still in the accumulation (rather than pension) phase. So if you’re nearing retirement, you may want to consider selling other investments – for example, a business or investment property – then re-investing the proceeds into your super fund.
The contribution will be considered a personal, after-tax contribution, which is tax-free. And the value of your assessable assets will be reduced, potentially boosting your eligibility to receive a government pension.
By supplementing your income with a government allowance, you can reduce the amount you need to draw from your superannuation, which can be especially useful during volatile market conditions.
2. Reinvest your super
If you’re aged between 55 and 59, you may be eligible to withdraw up to $175,0003 of your super benefit without paying tax on it. But did you know you can also re-contribute it to your super fund?
Any amount you re-contribute is considered a personal after-tax contribution4, so it will be part of the tax-free component of your super benefit. You can then draw a tax-free income from your super account to help you meet your living expenses until you turn 59.
3. Check if you qualify for a health care concession card
If you retire before pension age, you may be eligible for the low-income health care card. This covers GP bulk billing, gives you considerably cheaper prescriptions on the PBS list and offers some other medical concessions.
At present, you can qualify for this card if your income is less than $486 per week if you’re single, or $843 per week if you’re a couple. Keep in mind that superannuation in accumulation phase isn’t assessed, nor are account-based pensions under the deductible amount. You can have some financial investments too – at present, up to $576,500 if you’re single or $999,000 for couples.
4. Contribute to your still-working partner’s superannuation
If you’re at an age where you can draw a pension but your spouse isn’t, you can cash out up to $450,0005 from your super and put it in your spouse’s superannuation account as an after-tax contribution. Not only will this reduce your assessable financial assets, but it will also increase the amount of pension you’re entitled to.
The amount you contribute to your spouse’s super increases the tax-free component of their superannuation, potentially reducing the tax on any withdrawals.
5. Salary sacrifice while you’re still working
You probably already know about salary sacrifice as a tax-effective strategy. However, there are even more benefits to salary sacrifice if you’re aged 55 or more, and plan to keep working.
By asking your employer to sacrifice part of your pre-tax income directly into a super fund and then using a transition to retirement pension (TTR) to replace your salary, you could potentially reduce your tax. This is because income payments from a TTR attract a 15% tax offset when you’re aged between 55 and 59. And, once you turn 60, this income becomes tax-free. So you can increase your retirement funds without reducing the money you have to live on.
What’s more, you don’t need to pay tax on investment earnings from a TTR pension, compared to 15% from other superannuation earnings.
Keep in mind that if you start a TTR, under the current super laws you’ll need to draw between 4% and 10% of the account balance each year when you’re under 65. (For the 2012/2013 financial year, the minimum amount you can withdraw for account-based pensions has been temporarily reduced by 25%).
Remember that super laws may change from year to year, and everyone’s financial circumstances are different. So make sure you see your financial adviser before putting any super strategies into action.
1 ASFA Retirement Standard, June 2012
3 Low rate cap for 2012/2013 tax year. Indexed by AWOTE annually to the nearest $5,000.
4 Subject to excessive contribution tax or return of excessive contribution if exceeding contribution caps.
5 Be aware that benefit tax may be payable if you are aged between 55 and 59.
This document has been prepared by Colonial First State Investments Limited ABN 98 002 348 352, AFS Licence 232468 (Colonial First State) based on its understanding of current regulatory requirements and laws as at 28 November 2012. This document is not advice and provides information only. It does not take into account your individual objectives, financial situation or needs. You should read the relevant Product Disclosure Statement available from the product issuer carefully and assess whether the information is appropriate for you and consider talking to a financial adviser before making an investment decision.
Copyright © 2012 Colonial First State Investments Limited.
All rights reserved.